The Vega Medal was instituted in 1880 by the Swedish Society for Anthropology and Geography (SSAG), and in accordance with the regulations shall be awarded to "people who have promoted geographical research in an excellent manner". The medal is awarded on the anniversary of the arrival of the SS Vega in Stockholm on 24 April 1880. The SS Vega was the vessel used by Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld on the Vega Expedition of 1878-1880. The aim of the expedition was to sail through the North-East Passage, and this was achieved.
About the medal recipients:Terry Callaghan is a professor at the University of Sheffield. Professor Callaghan's research specialisation is Arctic ecology, and he has initiated and led research for many years with the aim of increasing our knowledge of how Arctic ecosystems react to climatic changes.
Carole Crumley is a professor at the University of North Carolina, a visiting professor at Stockholm Resilience Center and an honorary doctor at Uppsala University's Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences. Professor Crumley is a leading expert within the new perspectives of archaeological research on social and cultural development, and her current fields of research include the significance of the climate on the fall of the Roman Empire.