Afterwards, The King and Queen paid a visit to the Mayor of Rome, Gianni Alemanno, at the city hall on Campidoglio, the smallest of the seven hills of Rome.
Following the visit, The King and Queen went to the art museum, Galleria Borghese, accompanied by the Italian Minister for Culture, Sandro Bondi.
Lunch took place at Villa Madama, with Prime Minister Berlusconi. The villa was designed by artist and architect Raphael in the 1520s.
During the afternoon, The King gave the opening speech at a Swedish-Italian conference on innovation and research. The Queen visited the National Etruscan Museum, and later opened a Swedish children's cultural festival.
On Wednesday evening, The King and Queen will be giving the traditional reciprocal dinner at St. Regis Hotel.